With the advancement of science and technology in the globe and sharing a boarder with two big technology hub nations, Nepal cannot remains in darkness or without their influences. As our country itself is in developing phase so is the technology. However, the progress it has made in recent years in the field of science and technology is very much satisfying. Different software and IT companies are making an impact on global scale. Engineering graduates are being inspired to establish their own startup. Some major technological breakthrough ideas and startups in Nepal are:-
Flourishing of Wireless technology
Means of wireless communication like GSM, CDMA, 3G and 4G mobile internet services and wireless broadband internet services are becoming popular in both rural (where wired communication seems difficult) and urban areas. Two giant mobile operators NTC, NCELL are trying to upgrade and reach each and every corner of Nepal. Additionally, Nepal was first to introduce 3G service among South Asian nations. Smartphone penetration in Nepal is greater than 55% and this trend is directly or indirectly promoting the wireless technology in Nepal. It has increased the digital literacy among peoples, linked urban to rural creating a global village, help in income generating activities through e-commerce, distance education and e-learning, telemedicine, consulting doctors around the globe.
E-Payment & E-commerce
Now there is no compulsion to stand in queue for an hour for paying bills, subscriptions, sending and receiving money. We can do these things from a smartphone with internet access using E-banking or E-payment gateway (Digital Wallet) like E-SEWA, KHALTI. Integration of E-payment with E-commerce has eased our experience of buying and selling things. DARAZ and HAMROBAZAAR are popular E-commerce sites in Nepal. With these services we can have any product delivered to our doorsteps within a day.
While taking about Robotics in Nepal (Robotics Association of Nepal) RAN and Karkhana are two common names that strike to our mind. With the combined effort of Tech enthusiasts, students, professors, researchers, & engineers, RAN has been quite successfully initiating, organizing & implementing robotics related projects & learning in Nepal. It has played a wonderful role in educating & influencing school & college students towards the Robotic technology by providing training & workshops at various schools & colleges in various parts of the country.
Karkhana is one of the most proactive robotic institutions in Nepal, a for-profit robotic organization which aims to develop Robots that can teach subjects like Math, science, Technology & engineering to school level students. Along with making learning a fun, this company focuses on equipping the Nepalese kids to compete in this increasingly technology driven world. Educational Robot Karkhana Rover – a video capturing robot -which is part of the curriculum, won the local level NASA Space Apps Challenge in April this year.
As far as our country is concerned, Nepalese youths have done pretty good work in the field of Artificial Intelligence & Robotics. Fusemachines Nepal and Paaila Technology are notable name in AI industry of Nepal. Fusemachines Nepal has established itself as a pioneer company in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Nepal. The company excites to provide a platform to IT scholars with a keen interest in revolutionizing the AI industry in Nepal. Fusemachines is a Nepali AI software company established with the mission to make Artificial Intelligence accessible to everyone through education, software & services. They create intelligent software solutions that transform brands, grow businesses and make people’s lives easier. Fusemachines are successfully running AI Fellowship program, a one-year fellowship program that turns math/programming students into Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning engineers.
Paaila Technology, a startup of engineering graduates from IOE Pulchowk Campus, provides robotics and AI service for business. It has a great vertical integration of software and hardware expertise which includes computer vision, natural language processing, autonomous navigation, machine learning, artificial intelligence, mechanical engineering, fabrication, and robotics. AI services from Paaila Technology include: Query Answering System, Nepali Text to Speech and Nepali Speech Recognition. Similarly world-class Robots by Paaila Technology includes: Pari (Humanoid Robot), Room Service Robot, Ginger-Waiter Robot
E-GMP (E-Governance Master Plan)
E-Governance Master Plan (e-GMP) takes a holistic view of e-Governance initiatives across the country, integrating them into a collective vision, a shared cause. Around this idea, a massive countrywide infrastructure reaching down to the remotest of villages is evolving, and large-scale digitization of records is taking place to enable easy, reliable access over the internet. The ultimate objective is to bring public services closer home to citizens, as articulated in the Vision Statement of e-GMP. E-GMP Government Integrated Data Centre (GIDC) was established in 2009 as grant from Korean government to Nepal. Additionally, Disaster Rescue Centre (DRC) is also a grant project through KOICA. E-GOV projects include e-tax, online company registration, e-procurement, electronic employment management system, Machine Readable Passport (MRP), National ID etc…
Some popular technology trend include ride sharing service like TOOTLE, Electric Vehicles( eco- friendly and budget friendly), rise in number if ISP and their healthy competition ,online gaming like Ludo Neo-classic(rank 123 in Playstore), Ktm Race VR, Bhag Chal etc…
There are several major reasons behind the poor technological status of Nepal.some of them are:-
- Digital literacy limited to social networking sites.
- Lack of adequate investment from private and public sector.
- Only consuming technological product instead conducting research and production.
- Lagging in adopting cutting edge technology.
- Geographical structure provides resistance to wireless communication.
- Lack of required components and instrument for research and Internet of Things (IOT) projects.